Approximately three billion people exist on less than USD2 per day- a situation, which is untenable from a humanitarian viewpoint and a threat to global peace and stability. Our thesis is that Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) can play an important role in alleviating this situation. New wireless technologies, for example, do not require massive investments in infrastructure and can enable communications, e-government, and telemedicine to be brought to even the most distant and impoverished populations.